Japanese retailer Aeon operates about 430 supermarkets, convenience stores and other locations in China.

TOKYO — Aeon, Japan’s biggest retailer by sales, will join forces with an Alibaba-backed technology company to develop models for stores in China powered by artificial intelligence.

The Japanese group operates about 430 supermarkets, convenience stores and other locations in China. Its latest move in the Chinese market seeks to counter Amazon.com and other big names that are experimenting with high-tech store formats.

Next month, Aeon will form a joint venture with Shanghai-based DeepBlue Technology, a startup that counts Jack Ma’s Alibaba Group Holding as an investor and has developed a model for an unmanned convenience store called TakeGo.

Users register a hand print, which lets them access the kiosk-like store…