J.C. Penney got off to a rough start in the new year as it joined fellow department store operators Macy’s, Kohl’s and Nordstrom in reporting disappointing sales results.

Penney’s net loss widened to $180 million, or 58 cents per share, in the first quarter, ended April 29, from $68 million, or 22 cents per share, in the year-ago period. The company noted it had $220 million of restructuring charges associated with store closings and a voluntary early retirement program during the quarter. The loss was less than the Street had expected.

Revenue totaled $2.71 billion, down from $2.8 billion last year. Analysts had expected sales of $2.77 billion. Same-store sales fell 3.5%, which was more than expected.

Penney said its home, Sephora, fine jewelry and salon departments all comped positively for the quarter and were…