Travis Kalanick, the former chief executive officer of Uber Technologies Inc., said he’s forming an investment fund to back technology startups.

The fund, called 10100, will focus on real estate and e-commerce startups, as well as technology businesses in China and India. He’ll also work with nonprofit endeavors in education and cities. His new firm, pronounced “ten one-hundred,” encapsulates Kalanick’s “passions, investments, ideas and big…